(Qazaqstan Tv, 30th of January, 2014)
The political culture. Its origin starts with Socrates’s epoch. In order to maintain the democratic principle, the philosopher passed away by drinking poison. Platon raised this position to another new level. He made a clear statement about what the social society and political system should do and what to abandon in the formation of the state. Till now, this statement is firmly entrenched in the political life of civilized countries.
Just yesterday, the United States House of Representatives impeached Donald Trump. However, today United States Senate has rejected the decision by a majority of votes. Two different political positions, two different authorities soared in flames at the same time, burning altogether, and finally falling apart, as if nothing had happened. What does that mean? Generally speaking, it is a reflection of the political culture. Behind the political culture is not the glory of any politician or the wiseness of others. Behind of it is a clear idea of what to do and what not to do, based on political philosophy, and the principle of keeping it strong.
We also must strive to such a political system. For thirty years, we had been working to direct the power in the hands of one person. That one was in charge of everything. In the end, the system reached a level whereby it represented only the political interests of one person, not the others. So, It seemed like the authority was owned by a small number of individuals. The effects were that the country became corrupt, the political system and business were united, and becoming an official became a way of enrichment. The country did not have a mechanism to control such drawbacks of the political system. If they did, it did not work properly. The reason was a malfunction in the political system. Officers took advantage of the issues and worked for their own benefits, instead of the general public interest.
Recently, President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev has amended the party registration law and proposed to reduce the number of party signatures from 40,000 to 20,000. Needless to say, this is an advancement of the political system. We lack a clear course of action and a sense of principle. The undemocratic structure of the political system that worked for the benefit of the few should change. Instead, it must have a clear idea of what to do and what not to do, based on political philosophy and the principle of keeping it firm. It starts with a fair election process. Can President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev take this step or not? It will be shown in the future.